West Sussex Parking Policy Review
Following the publication of PPS3 ‘Housing’, local authorities in West Sussex asked us to review and make recommendations on their policies and standards relating to car parking for new residential developments.
West Sussex County Council (WSCC) co-ordinated the study on behalf of the seven District and Borough Councils – Adur, Arun, Chichester, Crawley, Horsham, Mid Sussex and Worthing.
Project Centre in partnership with Parking Associates helped to ensure that a consistent approach was taken across a range of parking policies and issues; to enable the effective delivery of new housing development that meets the aims of the County Council’s Sustainable Community and Accessibility strategies; and to provide a consistent approach to parking in new housing developments.
The study included a review of current national and regional policy including PPG 13 Transport (Planning Policy Guidance) PPS 3 Housing (Planning Policy Statement) and the South East Plan and County and Local transport and planning strategies.
We reviewed and analysed household surveys carried out at new developments completed in West Sussex between 2001 and 2008 that included information on car ownership, type of property, location of car parking, use of garages and number of bicycles owned.
The study also reviewed the Department of Communities and Local Government (DCLG)research ‘Residential Car Parking Research’ on residential parking that shows that five main factors influence car ownership and car parking demand. These are: dwelling size; type; tenure; location; and the way parking is provided (allocated or unallocated).
Project Centre developed an innovative modelling tool that acalculates the appropriate level of parking for each specific development. The tool took account of a site’s location and the specific types of housing to be provided in terms of: type of unit (house or flat); size of dwelling; and tenure. It also took into account the proposed number of allocated parking space and calculates the number of unallocated spaces needed to cater for additional residential demands and visitors.